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  • Summary

    Basic Stats for These Cases
    Cases Mean SD Range
    360 7.65wpm 8.48 0.15 to 48.00

    The histogram below shows the distribution of text entry rate across these 360 cases. Click on a datapoint to view the abstract for its study.


    Basic Stats for These Groups
    Groups Mean SD Range Total N
    28 9.46wpm 6.79 1.10 to 25.50 348

    These are groups for which no individual data were reported, i.e., they are completely distinct from the cases reported and graphed above.

    The histogram below shows the distribution of text entry rate across these 28 groups.

  • Explore

    This section displays a variety of views of the retrieved data, including how text entry rate varies with interface, diagnosis, or body site, where applicable. Note: These graphs combine data from the individual cases and groups, so they reflect all of the retrieved data.

    Text Entry Rate by Interface. Shows average for each interface in the retrieved dataset.

    Text Entry Rate by Diagnosis. Shows average for each diagnosis in the retrieved dataset.

    Text Entry Rate by Body Site. Shows average for each body site in the retrieved dataset.

  • Individual Data. Each row is a case for a single subject in the dataset.

    Study Subject Age Gender Diagnosis Interface Body site Word prediction? TER (wpm)
    Tam 2009 98 10 F acquired_brain_injury_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 7.50
    Koester 2017 186 30 F acquired_brain_injury_other scan_OSK head Y 4.43
    Koester 2014 135 54 F ALS scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 4.17
    Koester 2014 135 54 F ALS scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 2.84
    Lancioni 2013 126 52 M ALS scan_OSK head N 1.24
    Lancioni 2013 126 52 M ALS scan_OSK mouth Y 1.85
    Lancioni 2013 126 52 M ALS scan_OSK mouth N 1.48
    Guy 2017 167 40 - ALS BCI brain N 0.64
    Guy 2017 168 63 - ALS BCI brain N 0.50
    Guy 2017 169 63 - ALS BCI brain N 0.54
    Guy 2017 170 59 - ALS BCI brain N 1.10
    Guy 2017 171 42 - ALS BCI brain N 1.00
    Guy 2017 172 55 - ALS BCI brain N 0.46
    Guy 2017 173 62 - ALS BCI brain N 0.78
    Guy 2017 174 37 - ALS BCI brain N 0.60
    Guy 2017 175 66 - ALS BCI brain N 0.64
    Guy 2017 176 53 - ALS BCI brain N 0.40
    Guy 2017 177 74 - ALS BCI brain N 0.82
    Guy 2017 178 66 - ALS BCI brain N 0.40
    Guy 2017 167 40 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.70
    Guy 2017 168 63 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.65
    Guy 2017 169 63 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.78
    Guy 2017 170 59 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.46
    Guy 2017 171 42 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.74
    Guy 2017 172 55 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.88
    Guy 2017 173 62 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.48
    Guy 2017 174 37 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.18
    Guy 2017 175 66 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.00
    Guy 2017 176 53 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.54
    Guy 2017 177 74 - ALS BCI brain Y 1.01
    Guy 2017 178 66 - ALS BCI brain Y 0.82
    Koester 2015 148 50 F brain_tumor physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 7.60
    Koester 2015 148 50 F brain_tumor physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 7.20
    Tam 2009 93 13 F brain_tumor physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 7.50
    Koester 2014 131 19 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK arm Y 1.50
    Simpson 2007 53 55 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK chin N 1.83
    Simpson 2007 53 55 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK chin N 0.89
    Koester 2007 62 44 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 9.02
    Koester 2007 62 44 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 8.88
    Koester 2007 62 44 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 11.16
    Koester 2004 29 22 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 4.90
    Koester 2007 60 29 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 2.76
    Koester 2007 60 29 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 2.73
    Koester 2007 60 29 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 2.87
    Koester 2015 146 46 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.90
    Koester 2015 146 46 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 4.20
    Koester 2015 150 48 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 4.40
    Koester 2015 150 48 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 3.20
    Koester 2015 152 36 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 1.30
    Koester 2015 152 36 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 1.50
    Koester 2004 44 20 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 23.00
    Koester 2015 153 61 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard fingers_unilateral N 9.70
    Koester 2015 153 61 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard fingers_unilateral N 10.70
    Hsieh 1999 13 14 M cerebral_palsy morse_code_1_switch foot N 4.88
    Hsieh 1999 13 14 M cerebral_palsy morse_code_1_switch foot N 4.23
    Lancioni 2011 110 45 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK foot N 0.60
    Pires 2012 115 34 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard foot N 8.64
    Hsieh 1999 13 14 M cerebral_palsy morse_code_1_switch hand_non_typing N 3.39
    Wobbrock 2004 19 22 F cerebral_palsy cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.50
    Wobbrock 2004 19 22 F cerebral_palsy other hand_non_typing N 0.52
    Simpson 2007 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.08
    Simpson 2007 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.11
    Smith 2009 79 - - cerebral_palsy cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 3.48
    Smith 2009 79 - - cerebral_palsy cursor_OSK hand_non_typing Y 3.60
    Lancioni 2010 106 22 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.50
    Lancioni 2010 106 22 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.09
    Lancioni 2010 107 9 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.48
    Lancioni 2010 107 9 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.00
    Lancioni 2011 109 13 F cerebral_palsy cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.60
    Lancioni 2011 109 13 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.86
    Lancioni 2011 111 46 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 0.86
    Chiapparino 2011 112 27 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.33
    Mankowski 2013 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.11
    Mankowski 2013 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.40
    Koester 2014 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 2.12
    Koester 2014 52 50 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 1.27
    Koester 2014 131 19 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 0.54
    Koester 2017 180 38 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 1.57
    Koester 2017 184 56 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 1.18
    Koester 2017 180 38 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 2.63
    Koester 2017 184 56 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 1.79
    Mezei 2009 83 12 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hand_unspecified N 5.60
    Mezei 2009 83 12 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hand_unspecified Y 5.70
    Tumlin 2004 21 16 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 5.20
    Tumlin 2004 21 16 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 6.40
    Tumlin 2004 22 18 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 12.80
    Tumlin 2004 22 18 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 11.20
    Mezei 2005 49 14 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 7.20
    Mezei 2005 49 14 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 8.00
    Garrett 2008 72 17 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 28.00
    Mezei 2009 81 12 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 16.40
    Mezei 2009 81 12 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 20.60
    Tam 2009 85 12 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 2.40
    Tam 2009 86 13 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 11.50
    Tam 2009 88 12 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 21.70
    Tam 2009 91 11 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 16.00
    Tam 2009 99 18 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 5.20
    Tam 2009 101 17 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 11.50
    Tam 2009 102 15 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 7.00
    Tam 2009 103 11 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 10.50
    Lancioni 2011 111 46 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 1.20
    Chiapparino 2011 112 27 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 1.50
    Pires 2012 113 42 F cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 6.34
    Simpson 2007 50 41 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 2.05
    Simpson 2007 50 41 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 1.50
    Lancioni 2009 74 12 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.94
    Lancioni 2009 75 10 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.91
    Pires 2012 114 45 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard head N 10.28
    Pires 2012 117 46 M cerebral_palsy cursor_OSK head N 1.92
    Pires 2012 118 18 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 1.36
    Mankowski 2013 125 - F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.99
    Mankowski 2013 125 - F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 1.06
    Koester 2014 125 - F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 1.30
    Koester 2014 125 - F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 0.75
    Koester 2014 129 21 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 1.12
    Koester 2014 129 21 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 0.55
    Koester 2014 130 17 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 3.23
    Koester 2014 130 17 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 1.23
    Koester 2014 132 28 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 3.38
    Koester 2014 132 28 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 2.18
    Koester 2014 134 50 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 1.15
    Koester 2014 134 50 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 0.29
    Koester 2017 183 32 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 3.38
    Koester 2017 185 6 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.15
    Koester 2017 179 14 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.31
    Koester 2017 187 20 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 2.73
    Koester 2017 179 14 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head N 0.43
    Koester 2017 187 20 F cerebral_palsy scan_OSK head Y 3.36
    Simpson 2007 51 47 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK leg N 1.40
    Simpson 2007 51 47 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK leg N 1.46
    Mankowski 2013 51 47 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK leg N 0.98
    Mankowski 2013 51 47 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK leg N 1.46
    Koester 2007 66 36 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard mouth N 7.03
    Koester 2007 66 36 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard mouth N 6.52
    Koester 2007 66 36 M cerebral_palsy physical_keyboard mouth N 7.35
    Koester 2004 29 22 F cerebral_palsy ASR voice N 13.00
    Koester 2004 44 20 F cerebral_palsy ASR voice N 19.10
    Lancioni 2009 74 12 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK voice N 0.85
    Lancioni 2009 75 10 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK voice N 1.05
    Chan 2010 105 19 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK voice N 0.36
    Chan 2010 105 19 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK voice N 0.51
    Lancioni 2011 110 45 M cerebral_palsy scan_OSK voice N 1.09
    Pires 2012 117 46 M cerebral_palsy BCI brain N 0.67
    Pires 2012 118 18 F cerebral_palsy BCI brain N 0.72
    Mankowski 2013 123 - - cerebral_palsy scan_OSK not_reported N 1.04
    Mankowski 2013 123 - - cerebral_palsy scan_OSK not_reported N 1.12
    Mankowski 2013 124 - - cerebral_palsy scan_OSK not_reported N 1.22
    Mankowski 2013 124 - - cerebral_palsy scan_OSK not_reported N 1.48
    Roark 2015 160 36 M CVA scan_OSK chin N 1.20
    Roark 2015 160 36 M CVA scan_OSK chin N 1.94
    Roark 2015 160 36 M CVA scan_OSK chin N 1.90
    Roark 2015 160 36 M CVA scan_OSK chin N 1.50
    Koester 2015 154 62 M CVA physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 7.00
    Koester 2015 154 62 M CVA physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 6.60
    Koester 2004 30 46 F CVA physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 18.60
    Tumlin 2004 23 17 M CVA physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 14.00
    Tumlin 2004 23 17 M CVA physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 10.40
    Koester 2014 133 37 F CVA scan_OSK head Y 6.51
    Koester 2014 133 37 F CVA scan_OSK head Y 3.02
    Koester 2004 30 46 F CVA ASR voice N 13.90
    Tam 2009 87 14 F dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 11.20
    Tam 2009 89 14 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 5.00
    Tam 2009 92 12 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 2.50
    Tam 2009 95 12 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 23.50
    Tam 2009 96 10 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 5.50
    Tam 2009 97 12 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 6.50
    Tam 2009 100 10 M dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 6.50
    Lancioni 2010 108 12 F dev_dis_other physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 1.50
    Koester 2004 31 15 F dev_dis_other physical_keyboard mouth N 19.80
    Koester 2004 31 15 F dev_dis_other ASR voice N 15.80
    Lancioni 2010 108 12 F dev_dis_other scan_OSK_2_switch voice_and_hand N 1.33
    Horstmann 1990 6 64 F GBS scan_OSK chin N 0.62
    Horstmann 1990 6 64 F GBS scan_OSK chin N 1.94
    Horstmann 1990 6 64 F GBS scan_OSK chin N 2.78
    Horstmann 1990 6 64 F GBS scan_OSK chin N 3.92
    DeVries 1998 12 76 F GBS cursor_OSK head N 3.90
    DeVries 1998 12 76 F GBS physical_keyboard mouth N 6.40
    Pouplin 2014 137 41 M LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 1.40
    Pouplin 2014 137 41 M LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 1.10
    Pouplin 2014 138 35 F LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.00
    Pouplin 2014 138 35 F LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 1.80
    Pouplin 2014 141 38 M LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 4.60
    Pouplin 2014 141 38 M LIS cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.50
    Pouplin 2014 145 53 M LIS scan_OSK not_reported N 1.10
    Koester 2007 63 24 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 3.63
    Koester 2007 63 24 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 3.63
    Koester 2007 63 24 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 4.01
    Koester 2015 159 64 F muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 39.00
    Koester 2015 159 64 F muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 45.30
    Koester 2017 181 45 M muscular_dystrophy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 1.26
    Koester 2017 181 45 M muscular_dystrophy scan_OSK hand_non_typing Y 3.56
    Garrett 2008 70 15 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 6.00
    Mezei 2005 48 13 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 14.00
    Mezei 2005 48 13 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 18.70
    Mezei 2009 82 12 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 10.00
    Mezei 2009 82 12 M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 10.20
    Koester 2015 158 20 F muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_with_CE N 19.30
    Koester 2015 158 20 F muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard hands_with_CE N 19.50
    Lau 1993 7 - M muscular_dystrophy cursor_OSK head N 3.60
    Lau 1993 10 - M muscular_dystrophy cursor_OSK head N 7.00
    Lau 1993 7 - M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard mouth N 3.60
    Lau 1993 10 - M muscular_dystrophy physical_keyboard mouth N 9.60
    Lau 1993 7 - M muscular_dystrophy other tongue N 0.60
    Lau 1993 10 - M muscular_dystrophy other tongue N 3.60
    Koester 2004 34 22 M muscular_dystrophy ASR voice N 3.50
    Koester 2004 38 50 M muscular_dystrophy ASR voice N 16.10
    Pires 2012 119 30 M muscular_dystrophy BCI brain N 0.72
    Koester 2007 67 69 F multiple_sclerosis physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 2.18
    Koester 2007 67 69 F multiple_sclerosis physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 3.17
    Koester 2007 67 69 F multiple_sclerosis physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 1.98
    Koester 2004 33 58 M multiple_sclerosis physical_keyboard fingers_unilateral N 6.70
    Wobbrock 2004 18 67 M multiple_sclerosis cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 1.22
    Wobbrock 2004 18 67 M multiple_sclerosis other hand_non_typing N 1.91
    Koester 2004 37 54 M multiple_sclerosis physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 2.00
    Koester 2004 33 58 M multiple_sclerosis ASR voice N 13.50
    Koester 2004 37 54 M multiple_sclerosis ASR voice N 4.00
    Koester 2004 45 47 F multiple_sclerosis ASR voice N 11.40
    Koester 2004 25 27 M musculoskeletal_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 34.60
    Koester 2004 28 28 F musculoskeletal_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 39.90
    Koester 2004 42 41 M musculoskeletal_other physical_keyboard fingers_unilateral N 9.10
    Koester 2004 25 27 M musculoskeletal_other ASR voice N 28.00
    Koester 2004 28 28 F musculoskeletal_other ASR voice N 28.40
    Koester 2004 42 41 M musculoskeletal_other ASR voice N 15.10
    Pouplin 2014 136 22 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 7.20
    Pouplin 2014 136 22 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.80
    Pouplin 2014 139 26 F myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 5.40
    Pouplin 2014 139 26 F myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 1.20
    Pouplin 2014 140 33 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 6.00
    Pouplin 2014 140 33 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 5.00
    Pouplin 2014 142 32 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 3.60
    Pouplin 2014 142 32 M myopathy cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.60
    Koester 2004 26 51 M neuromuscular_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 21.30
    Koester 2007 58 24 F neuromuscular_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 4.75
    Koester 2007 58 24 F neuromuscular_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 5.73
    Koester 2007 58 24 F neuromuscular_other physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 4.45
    Smith 1989 4 38 M neuromuscular_other cursor_OSK head Y 8.00
    Smith 1989 4 38 M neuromuscular_other physical_keyboard mouth N 22.50
    Koester 2004 26 51 M neuromuscular_other ASR voice N 25.10
    Nguyen 2012 120 - M no_hands physical_keyboard feet N 30.00
    Nguyen 2012 120 - M no_hands other feet N 26.00
    Koester 2015 149 59 M parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 1.50
    Koester 2015 149 59 M parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 1.60
    Koester 2015 151 67 M parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 7.20
    Koester 2015 151 67 M parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 5.90
    Koester 2015 156 55 F parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 12.60
    Koester 2015 156 55 F parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 13.50
    Koester 2015 157 57 F parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 34.70
    Koester 2015 157 57 F parkinsons physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 39.80
    Koester 2007 64 39 M SCI_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 4.94
    Koester 2007 64 39 M SCI_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.30
    Koester 2007 64 39 M SCI_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 6.65
    Wobbrock 2008 68 46 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 4.86
    Wobbrock 2008 68 46 M SCI_cervical other hand_non_typing N 5.61
    Wobbrock 2006 68 46 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 8.04
    Wobbrock 2006 68 46 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing Y 11.82
    Wobbrock 2006 68 46 M SCI_cervical other hand_non_typing N 8.22
    Wobbrock 2006 68 46 M SCI_cervical other hand_non_typing Y 12.09
    Koester 2015 147 62 M SCI_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 7.70
    Koester 2015 147 62 M SCI_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 9.50
    Pouplin 2014 143 44 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK not_reported both 7.60
    Pouplin 2014 143 44 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.70
    Pouplin 2014 144 49 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK not_reported both 2.40
    Pouplin 2014 144 49 M SCI_cervical cursor_OSK not_reported both 1.50
    Koester 2007 65 24 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 10.98
    Koester 2004 24 46 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 14.70
    Koester 2004 27 24 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 12.80
    Koester 2004 40 31 F SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 10.70
    Koester 2007 65 24 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 9.18
    Koester 2007 65 24 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 9.32
    Koester 2004 32 59 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 7.00
    Smith 2009 77 - - SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 8.04
    Smith 2009 77 - - SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing Y 8.28
    Smith 2009 78 - - SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 8.64
    Smith 2009 78 - - SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing Y 9.48
    Koester 2004 36 29 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 8.60
    Koester 2004 46 25 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 14.20
    Koester 2007 61 40 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 19.39
    Koester 2007 61 40 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 17.58
    Koester 2007 61 40 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 22.50
    Smith 1989 2 23 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 8.00
    Smith 1989 3 53 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 6.00
    Smith 1989 5 40 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 16.00
    Lau 1993 8 - M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 5.80
    Lau 1993 9 - M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 5.00
    DeVries 1998 11 25 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 5.20
    Pires 2012 116 28 M SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 1.44
    Levine 1986 1 - M SCI_high_cervical morse_code_2_switch mouth N 12.39
    Lau 1993 8 - M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard mouth N 11.20
    Lau 1993 9 - M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard mouth N 10.40
    DeVries 1998 11 25 M SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard mouth N 5.00
    Pouplin 2015 162 - - SCI_high_cervical physical_keyboard mouth N 12.60
    Lau 1993 8 - M SCI_high_cervical other tongue N 5.00
    Lau 1993 9 - M SCI_high_cervical other tongue N 2.80
    Blain 2010 104 20 F SCI_high_cervical scan_OSK tongue N 1.10
    Struijk 2017 188 56 F SCI_high_cervical other tongue N 1.50
    Struijk 2017 189 48 F SCI_high_cervical other tongue N 1.60
    Koester 2004 24 46 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 31.70
    Koester 2004 27 24 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 24.70
    Koester 2004 32 59 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 18.10
    Koester 2004 36 29 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 6.90
    Koester 2004 40 31 F SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 16.00
    Koester 2004 41 24 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 10.90
    Koester 2004 46 25 M SCI_high_cervical ASR voice N 32.20
    Pires 2012 116 28 M SCI_high_cervical BCI brain N 0.56
    Koester 2004 39 54 F SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 3.70
    Koester 2007 56 48 M SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 12.96
    Koester 2007 56 48 M SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 13.04
    Koester 2007 56 48 M SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 14.62
    Koester 2007 59 28 F SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 34.55
    Koester 2007 59 28 F SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 35.53
    Koester 2007 59 28 F SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 32.38
    Smith 2009 76 - - SCI_low_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing N 9.72
    Smith 2009 76 - - SCI_low_cervical cursor_OSK hand_non_typing Y 9.00
    Pouplin 2015 163 - - SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hand_unspecified N 7.56
    Koester 2004 35 40 F SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hand_with_CE N 17.90
    Koester 2004 35 40 F SCI_low_cervical ASR voice N 10.00
    Koester 2004 39 54 F SCI_low_cervical ASR voice N 11.10
    Pouplin 2015 161 - - SCI_low_cervical ASR voice N 17.00
    Tam 2002 16 12 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 9.41
    Tam 2002 16 12 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_bilateral Y 7.48
    Tam 2002 16 12 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_bilateral Y 7.27
    Tam 2002 16 12 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_bilateral Y 7.45
    Tam 2002 15 11 M spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 7.44
    Tam 2002 15 11 M spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 5.61
    Tam 2002 15 11 M spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 5.39
    Tam 2002 15 11 M spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 5.82
    Tam 2002 17 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.64
    Tam 2002 17 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 4.93
    Tam 2002 17 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 5.04
    Tam 2002 17 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard finger_unilateral Y 5.51
    Tam 2002 14 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral N 11.76
    Tam 2002 14 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral Y 8.76
    Tam 2002 14 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral Y 8.32
    Tam 2002 14 10 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard fingers_bilateral Y 8.34
    Mezei 2005 47 14 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 16.00
    Mezei 2005 47 14 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 20.50
    Garrett 2008 69 18 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 7.50
    Garrett 2008 71 15 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 18.00
    Tam 2009 90 12 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 7.70
    Tam 2009 94 14 F spina_bifida physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 10.00
    Garrett 2008 73 17 F SMA physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 48.00
    Mezei 2009 84 18 F SMA physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 32.60
    Mezei 2009 84 18 F SMA physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 22.10
    Koester 2004 43 47 M SMA ASR voice N 19.80
    Koester 2017 182 50 M SMA scan_OSK cheek Y 12.94
    Koester 2015 155 19 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 2.90
    Koester 2015 155 19 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_bilateral N 3.00
    Koester 2007 57 42 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.56
    Koester 2007 57 42 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.76
    Koester 2007 57 42 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 5.36
    Kelway 2018 190 60 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 4.40
    Kelway 2018 190 60 M TBI physical_keyboard finger_unilateral N 7.60
    Tumlin 2004 20 21 M TBI physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 2.50
    Tumlin 2004 20 21 M TBI physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 3.80
    Kelway 2018 190 60 M TBI cursor_OSK eye N 0.60
    Manaris 1998 164 - F not_reported physical_keyboard hand_unspecified N 29.16
    Manaris 1998 166 - - not_reported physical_keyboard mouth N 13.68
    Manaris 1998 164 - F not_reported ASR voice N 9.24
    Manaris 1998 165 - - not_reported ASR voice N 10.56
    Manaris 1998 166 - - not_reported ASR voice N 14.16


    Group Data. Each row is a group of subjects that had no individual data reported.

    Study Diagnosis Interface Body site Word prediction? Sample size Avg TER (wpm) StdDev TER (wpm) Min TER (wpm) Max TER (wpm)
    Koester 1996 SCI_cervical physical_keyboard various N 6 23.20 6.80 - -
    Koester 1996 SCI_cervical physical_keyboard various Y 6 14.20 3.90 - -
    Sears 2001 SCI_cervical ASR voice N 7 11.61 6.78 - -
    Pouplin 2015 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 6 3.78 0.93 2.52 8.82
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK chin N 9 3.30 2.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK chin Y 9 3.00 2.60 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK chin Y 9 3.20 2.20 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK chin Y 9 3.60 2.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head N 6 6.74 1.20 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 6 6.80 1.20 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 6 6.80 1.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK head Y 6 6.60 0.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_high_cervical cursor_OSK various Y 15 6.88 4.00 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hands_unspecified N 30 13.80 7.20 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 30 10.62 3.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 30 10.24 3.80 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 30 10.14 3.40 - -
    Pouplin 2016 SCI_low_cervical physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 30 11.96 4.20 - -
    Wobbrock 2004 various other various N 7 1.00 0.72 - -
    Tam 2009 various physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 8 10.03 6.97 2.50 23.00
    Tam 2009 various physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 8 11.33 7.10 3.50 25.50
    Tam 2009 various physical_keyboard hands_unspecified Y 11 8.92 5.80 5.50 25.50
    Pouplin 2014 various cursor_OSK not_reported Y 9 4.71 2.26 1.40 7.60
    Pouplin 2014 various cursor_OSK not_reported Y 9 2.80 1.19 1.10 5.00
    Alcantud 2006 not_reported physical_keyboard not_reported N 15 10.76 7.22 - -
    Alcantud 2006 not_reported ASR voice N 15 13.81 14.50 - -
    Alcantud 2006 not_reported physical_keyboard not_reported N 8 8.42 7.07 - -
    Alcantud 2006 not_reported ASR voice N 8 12.24 12.90 - -
  • The list below shows all studies in the dataset that match your search criteria.

    • A comparison of Mouthstick and Morse code text inputs Levine S, Gauger J, Bowers L, Khan K. (1986) Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 2(2), 51-55. Show abstract
    • Effectiveness of a writing system using a computerized long-range optical pointer and 10-branch abbreviation expansion Smith R, Christiaansen R, Borden B, Lindberg D, Gunderson J, Vanderheiden G. (1989) Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 26(1), 51-62. Show abstract
    • Quantitative Modeling in Augmentative Communication -- A Case Study Koester H. (1990) RESNA 1990 Annual Conference. Show abstract
    • Comparison of Computer Interface Devices for Persons With Severe Physical Disabilities Lau C, O'Leary S. (1993) American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 47(11), 1022-1030. Show abstract
    • SUITEKeys: A Speech Understanding Interface for the Motor-control Challenged Manaris B, Harkreader A. (1998) Proceedings of the Third International ACM Conference on Assistive Technologies, 108-115. Show abstract
    • A Comparison of Two Computer Access Systems for Functional Text Entry DeVries R, Deitz J, Anson D. (1998) American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 52(8), 656-665. Show abstract
    • Morse code typing training of an adolescent with cerebral palsy using microcomputer technology: case study Hsieh M, Luo C. (1999) AAC: Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 15(4), 216-221. Show abstract
    • Effects of word prediction and location of word prediction list on text entry with children with spina bifida and hydrocephalus Tam C, Reid D, Naumann S, O'Keefe B. (2002) AAC: Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 18(3), 147-162. Show abstract
    • Text Entry from Power Wheelchairs: Edgewrite for Joysticks and Touchpads Wobbrock J, Myers B, Aung H, LoPresti E. (2004) Proceedings of the 6th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 110-117. Show abstract
    • Using Word Prediction Software to Increase Typing Fluency with Students with Physical Disabilities Garrett J, Heller K. (2004) Journal of Special Education Technology, 19(3), 5-14. Show abstract
    • Usage, performance, and satisfaction outcomes for experienced users of automatic speech recognition Koester H. (2004) Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 41(5), 739-754. Show abstract
    • Evaluating Word Prediction Software for Students with Physical Disabilities Mezei P. (2005) Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services, 23(2), 93-113. Show abstract
    • From Letters to Words: Efficient Stroke-based Word Completion for Trackball Text Entry Wobbrock J, Myers B. (2006) Proceedings of the 8th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 2-9. Show abstract
    • Selecting an appropriate scan rate: the '.65 rule.' Simpson R, Koester H, LoPresti E. (2007) Assistive Technology, 19(2), 51-60. Show abstract
    • Toward automatic adjustment of keyboard settings for people with physical impairments Koester H, LoPresti E, Simpson R. (2007) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 2(5), 261-274. Show abstract
    • Enabling devices, empowering people: The design and evaluation of Trackball EdgeWrite Wobbrock J, Myers B. (2008) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 3(1-2), 35-56. Show abstract
    • Using speech recognition software to increase writing fluency for individuals with physical disabilities Garrett J. (2008) Dissertation; Georgia State University. Show abstract
    • A voice-detecting sensor and a scanning keyboard emulator to support word writing by two boys with extensive motor disabilities Lancioni G, Singh N, O'Reilly M, Sigafoos J, Green V, Chiapparino C, Stasolla F, Oliva D. (2009) Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(2), 203-209. Show abstract
    • Analyzing performance with computer access technology using unconstrained text entry protocol Mankowski J, Simpson R. (2009) Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 46(8), 1059-1068. Show abstract
    • Effects of word prediction on writing fluency for students with physical disabilities Mezei P. (2009) Dissertation; Georgia State University. Show abstract
    • Evaluating the benefits of displaying word prediction lists on a personal digital assistant at the keyboard level Tam C, Wells D. (2009) Assistive Technology, 21(3), 105-114. Show abstract
    • Bedside computer access for an individual with severe and multiple disabilities: a case study Blain S, McKeever P, Chau T. (2010) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 5(5), 359-369. Show abstract
    • Evaluation of a non-invasive vocal cord vibration switch as an alternative access pathway for an individual with hypotonic cerebral palsy - a case study Chan J, Falk T, Teachman G, Morin-McKee J, Chau T. (2010) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 5(1), 69-78. Show abstract
    • Use of microswitch technology and a keyboard emulator to support literacy performance of persons with extensive neuro-motor disabilities Lancioni G, O'Reilly M, Singh N, Green V, Chiapparino C, De Pace C, Alberti G, Stasolla F. (2010) Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 13(4), 248-257. Show abstract
    • Microswitch and keyboard-emulator technology to facilitate the writing performance of persons with extensive motor disabilities Lancioni G, Singh N, O'Reilly M, Sigafoos J, Green V, Oliva D, Lang R. (2011) Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32(2), 576-582. Show abstract
    • A touch pad and a scanning keyboard emulator to facilitate writing by a woman with extensive motor disability Chiapparino C, Stasolla F, De Pace C, Lancioni G. (2011) Life Span and Disability, 14(1), 45-54. Show abstract
    • Comparison of a row-column speller vs. a novel lateral single-character speller: Assessment of BCI for severe motor disabled patients Pires G, Nunes U, Castelo-Branco M. (2012) Clinical Neurophysiology, 123(6), 1168-1181. Show abstract
    • The UITK: Towards the Designing a Ubiquitous Soft Keyboard for Disabled People Nguyen T, Le D, Dang T, Nguyen T. (2012) Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Integration and Web-based Applications & Services, 399-402. Show abstract
    • Validating a model of row-column scanning Mankowski R, Simpson R, Koester H. (2013) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, 8(4), 321-329. Show abstract
    • A man with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis uses a mouth pressure microswitch to operate a text messaging system with a word prediction function Lancioni G, Singh N, O'Reilly M, Green V, Ferlisi G, Ferrarese G, Zullo V, Schirone S, Oliva D. (2013) Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 16(5), 315-320. Show abstract
    • Method for enhancing text entry rate with single-switch scanning Koester H, Simpson R. (2014) Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 51(6), 995-1012. Show abstract
    • Effect of dynamic keyboard and word-prediction systems on text input speed in persons with functional tetraplegia Pouplin S, Robertson J, Antoine J, Blanchet A, Kahloun J, Volle P, Bouteille J, Lofaso F, Bensmail D. (2014) Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 51(3), 467-79. Show abstract
    • Automatic adjustment of keyboard settings can enhance typing Koester H, Mankowski J. (2015) Assistive Technology, 27(3), 136-146. Show abstract
    • Huffman and Linear Scanning Methods with Statistical Language Models Roark B, Fried-Oken M, Gibbons C. (2015) Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 31(1), 37-50. Show abstract
    • Text input speed in persons with cervical spinal cord injury Pouplin S, Roche N, Vaugier I, Cabanilles S, Hugeron C, Bensmail D. (2015) Spinal Cord, 54(2), 158-162. Show abstract
    • Brain computer interface with the P300 speller: Usability for disabled people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Guy V, Soriani M, Bruno M, Papadopoulo T, Desnuelle C, Clerc M. (2017) Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine. Show abstract
    • Effectiveness and usability of Scanning Wizard software: a tool for enhancing switch scanning Koester H, Simpson R. (2017) Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. Show abstract
    • Error-Free Text Typing Performance of an Inductive Intra-Oral Tongue Computer Interface for Severely Disabled Individuals Struijk L, Bentsen B, Gaihede M, Lontis E. (2017) IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering, 25(11), 2094-2104. Show abstract
    • Improving the Academic Inclusion of a Student with Special Needs at University Bordeaux Kelway J, Brock A, Guitton P, Millet A, Nakata Y. (2018) Proceedings of the 20th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 52-56. Show abstract
    • Effect of a word prediction feature on user performance Koester H, Levine S. (1996) AAC: Augmentative & Alternative Communication, 12(3), 155-168. Show abstract
    • Productivity, satisfaction, and interaction strategies of individuals with spinal cord injuries and traditional users interacting with speech recognition software Sears A, Karat C, Oseitutu K, Karimullah A, Feng J. (2001) Universal Access in the information Society, 1(1), 4-15. Show abstract
    • The voice recognition system as a way of accessing the computer for people with physical standards as usual Alcantud F, Dolz I, Gaya C, Martin M. (2006) Technology & Disability, 18(3), 89-97. Show abstract
    • Influence of the Number of Predicted Words on Text Input Speed in Participants With Cervical Spinal Cord Injury Pouplin S, Roche N, Vaugier I, Jacob A, Figere M, Pottier S, Antoine J, Bensmail D. (2016) Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 97(2), 259-265. Show abstract
    • The effect of word prediction settings (frequency of use) on text input speed in persons with cervical spinal cord injury: a prospective study Pouplin S, Roche N, Antoine J, Vaugier I, Pottier S, Figere M, Bensmail D. (2016) Disability and Rehabilitation, 39(12), 1215-1220. Show abstract

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